There are several types of heat-related illnesses, and they can affect people of all ages, but they are particularly dangerous for children, the elderly, and those with chronic medical conditions. The following are some common heat-related illnesses:
Heat rash: Also known as prickly heat, heat rash is a skin condition that occurs when sweat ducts become blocked, causing red, itchy bumps or blisters to form on the skin.
Heat cramps: Heat cramps are painful muscle spasms that can occur during or after physical activity in hot conditions. They are often caused by dehydration and an electrolyte imbalance.
Heat exhaustion: Heat exhaustion occurs when the body loses too much water and salt through sweating. Symptoms include heavy sweating, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea, and fainting.
Heat stroke: Heat stroke is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the body’s temperature regulation system fails, and the body temperature rises rapidly. Symptoms include confusion, seizures, loss of consciousness, and a body temperature of 104 degrees Fahrenheit or higher.
Prevention of heat-related illnesses : includes staying hydrated, wearing lightweight and light-colored clothing, avoiding strenuous activities during the hottest parts of the day, and taking breaks in the shade or indoors when possible. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of a heat-related illness, seek medical attention immediately.